Blood in your urine –the medical tern is hematuria – most often occurs as a result of blood cells leaking from any area of the urinary tract. When any part of the urinary tract, which includes the kidneys, urethra, bladder, and ureters, is irritated, slight bleeding can be the result. And since urine from the kidneys is carried by the ureters to the bladder, and the bladder, in turn, expels the urine through the urethra outside the body, blood in the urine is something that we can see and be concerned about. Here are some reasons why you may have blood in your urine.
Urinary Tract Infections
A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when bacteria enter through the urethra and ultimately the bladder. A persistent feeling that you have to urinate, accompanied by pain and a burning sensation during urination are common symptoms. Also, the urine may have a strong odor.
Like a UTI, a kidney infection occurs when bacteria enter the kidneys through the bloodstream. Bacteria can also reach the kidneys through the ureters. Bladder and kidney infections have similar symptoms, but a kidney infection can cause you to feel quite ill; expect symptoms to include fever and severe pain in one or both sides and also in the upper abdomen and back.
Medications can cause urine to turn red due to the content in the drugs, but they can also cause urinary bleeding. If you’ve been prescribed penicillin or an anti-cancer drug, then you might experience blood in your urine. Additionally, blood thinners, to include aspirin, can cause blood to appear in the urine.
A variety of kidney diseases can cause blood to appear in the urine. In addition to blood in urine, look for symptoms that include high blood pressure, puffiness around the eyes, weakness and swelling through the body.
For men, blood in the urine may be a sign of an enlarged prostate; other symptoms of an enlarged prostate include difficulty or a persistent need to urinate.
Cancer is perhaps the first thing that comes to mind when a person notices blood in his or her urine. Cancer may already be past the early stage.
When to call a doctor
Finding traces of blood in your underwear, bedsheets, or toilet can be scary and may lead you to make any number of conclusions regarding your health. Rarely is pain associated with blood in your urine, and oftentimes a drop of blood is little cause for concern. However, if you do experience pain during urination, and blood is present, then it could be a sign that it’s time to visit your urologist.
In Mesa and Gilbert, Dr. Kashif Alvi and his team at Urologic Surgeons of Arizona can answer your questions regarding your urinary health. Dr. Alvi is a board-certified urologist who is prepared to diagnose and treat your condition. Do not hesitate to make an appointment, especially if you are experiencing any of the symptoms discussed above. Call Dr. Alvi today at 480-409-5060 or request an appointment online. Remember, blood in your urine can be a symptom of another condition and is usually the only sign or symptom that occurs. Call Dr. Alvi today for expert diagnostics and care.